SAML Protocol

CAS has support for versions 1.1 and 2 of the SAML protocol to a specific extent. This document deals with CAS-specific concerns.

SAML2

CAS provides support for SAML2 Authentication.

Google Apps

CAS provides support for Google Apps Integration.

SAML 1.1

CAS supports the standardized SAML 1.1 protocol primarily to:

A SAML 1.1 ticket validation response is obtained by validating a ticket via POST at the /samlValidate URI.

Support is enabled by including the following dependency in the WAR overlay:

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<dependency>
  <groupId>org.apereo.cas</groupId>
  <artifactId>cas-server-support-saml</artifactId>
  <version>${cas.version}</version>
</dependency>

Sample Request

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POST /cas/samlValidate?ticket=
Host: cas.example.com
Content-Length: 491
Content-Type: text/xml

<SOAP-ENV:Envelope xmlns:SOAP-ENV="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
  <SOAP-ENV:Header/>
  <SOAP-ENV:Body>
    <samlp:Request xmlns:samlp="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:1.0:protocol" MajorVersion="1"
      MinorVersion="1" RequestID="_192.168.16.51.1024506224022"
      IssueInstant="2002-06-19T17:03:44.022Z">
      <samlp:AssertionArtifact>
        ST-1-u4hrm3td92cLxpCvrjylcas.example.com
      </samlp:AssertionArtifact>
    </samlp:Request>
  </SOAP-ENV:Body>
</SOAP-ENV:Envelope>

Sample Response

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<SOAP-ENV:Envelope xmlns:SOAP-ENV="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
  <SOAP-ENV:Header />
  <SOAP-ENV:Body>
    <Response xmlns="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:1.0:protocol" xmlns:saml="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:1.0:assertion"
    xmlns:samlp="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:1.0:protocol" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" IssueInstant="2008-12-10T14:12:14.817Z"
    MajorVersion="1" MinorVersion="1" Recipient="https://eiger.iad.vt.edu/dat/home.do"
    ResponseID="_5c94b5431c540365e5a70b2874b75996">
      <Status>
        <StatusCode Value="samlp:Success">
        </StatusCode>
      </Status>
      <Assertion xmlns="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:1.0:assertion" AssertionID="_e5c23ff7a3889e12fa01802a47331653"
      IssueInstant="2008-12-10T14:12:14.817Z" Issuer="localhost" MajorVersion="1"
      MinorVersion="1">
        <Conditions NotBefore="2008-12-10T14:12:14.817Z" NotOnOrAfter="2008-12-10T14:12:44.817Z">
          <AudienceRestrictionCondition>
            <Audience>
              https://some-service.example.com/app/
            </Audience>
          </AudienceRestrictionCondition>
        </Conditions>
        <AttributeStatement>
          <Subject>
            <NameIdentifier>johnq</NameIdentifier>
            <SubjectConfirmation>
              <ConfirmationMethod>
                urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:1.0:cm:artifact
              </ConfirmationMethod>
            </SubjectConfirmation>
          </Subject>
          <Attribute AttributeName="uid" AttributeNamespace="http://www.ja-sig.org/products/cas/">
            <AttributeValue>12345</AttributeValue>
          </Attribute>
          <Attribute AttributeName="groupMembership" AttributeNamespace="http://www.ja-sig.org/products/cas/">
            <AttributeValue>
              uugid=middleware.staff,ou=Groups,dc=vt,dc=edu
            </AttributeValue>
          </Attribute>
          <Attribute AttributeName="eduPersonAffiliation" AttributeNamespace="http://www.ja-sig.org/products/cas/">
            <AttributeValue>staff</AttributeValue>
          </Attribute>
          <Attribute AttributeName="accountState" AttributeNamespace="http://www.ja-sig.org/products/cas/">
            <AttributeValue>ACTIVE</AttributeValue>
          </Attribute>
        </AttributeStatement>
        <AuthenticationStatement AuthenticationInstant="2008-12-10T14:12:14.741Z"
        AuthenticationMethod="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:1.0:am:password">
          <Subject>
            <NameIdentifier>johnq</NameIdentifier>
            <SubjectConfirmation>
              <ConfirmationMethod>
                urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:1.0:cm:artifact
              </ConfirmationMethod>
            </SubjectConfirmation>
          </Subject>
        </AuthenticationStatement>
      </Assertion>
    </Response>
  </SOAP-ENV:Body>
</SOAP-ENV:Envelope>

Configuration

To see the relevant list of CAS properties, please review this guide.

You may also need to declare the following Maven repository in your CAS Overlay to be able to resolve dependencies:

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<repositories>
    ...
    <repository>
        <id>shibboleth-releases</id>
        <url>https://build.shibboleth.net/nexus/content/repositories/releases</url>
    </repository>
    ...
</repositories>