Google Authenticator Authentication

Google Authenticator generates 2-step verification codes on your phone. With 2-step verification signing in will require a code generated by the Google Authenticator app in addition to primary authentication. Learn more about the topic here.

Note that the functionality presented here should also be compatible with the likes of LastPass Authenticator, etc.


Support is enabled by including the following module in the overlay:

implementation "org.apereo.cas:cas-server-support-gauth:${project.'cas.version'}"
dependencyManagement {
  imports {
    mavenBom "org.apereo.cas:cas-server-support-bom:${project.'cas.version'}"

dependencies {  
  implementation "org.apereo.cas:cas-server-support-gauth"

The following settings and properties are available from the CAS configuration catalog:

The configuration settings listed below are tagged as Required in the CAS configuration metadata. This flag indicates that the presence of the setting may be needed to activate or affect the behavior of the CAS feature and generally should be reviewed, possibly owned and adjusted. If the setting is assigned a default value, you do not need to strictly put the setting in your copy of the configuration, but should review it nonetheless to make sure it matches your deployment expectations.

  • cas.authn.mfa.gauth.core.issuer=CASIssuer
  • Issuer used in the barcode when dealing with device registration events. Used in the registration URL to identify CAS.

  • cas.authn.mfa.gauth.core.label=CASLabel
  • Label used in the barcode when dealing with device registration events. Used in the registration URL to identify CAS.

    The configuration settings listed below are tagged as Optional in the CAS configuration metadata. This flag indicates that the presence of the setting is not immediately necessary in the end-user CAS configuration, because a default value is assigned or the activation of the feature is not conditionally controlled by the setting value.

  • cas.authn.mfa.gauth.core.code-digits=6
  • Length of the generated code.

  • cas.authn.mfa.gauth.core.multiple-device-registration-enabled=false
  • When enabled, allows the user/system to accept multiple accounts and device registrations per user, allowing one to switch between or register new devices/accounts automatically.

  • cas.authn.mfa.gauth.core.time-step-size=30
  • The expiration time of the generated code in seconds.

  • cas.authn.mfa.gauth.core.trusted-device-enabled=false
  • Indicates whether this provider should support trusted devices.

  • cas.authn.mfa.gauth.core.window-size=3
  • Since TOTP passwords are time-based, it is essential that the clock of both the server and the client are synchronised within the tolerance defined here as the window size.

    Configuration Metadata

    The collection of configuration properties listed in this section are automatically generated from the CAS source and components that contain the actual field definitions, types, descriptions, modules, etc. This metadata may not always be 100% accurate, or could be lacking details and sufficient explanations.

    Be Selective

    This section is meant as a guide only. Do NOT copy/paste the entire collection of settings into your CAS configuration; rather pick only the properties that you need. Do NOT enable settings unless you are certain of their purpose and do NOT copy settings into your configuration only to keep them as reference. All these ideas lead to upgrade headaches, maintenance nightmares and premature aging.


    Note that for nearly ALL use cases, declaring and configuring properties listed here is sufficient. You should NOT have to explicitly massage a CAS XML/Java/etc configuration file to design an authentication handler, create attribute release policies, etc. CAS at runtime will auto-configure all required changes for you. If you are unsure about the meaning of a given CAS setting, do NOT turn it on without hesitation. Review the codebase or better yet, ask questions to clarify the intended behavior.

    Naming Convention

    Property names can be specified in very relaxed terms. For instance cas.someProperty, cas.some-property, cas.some_property are all valid names. While all forms are accepted by CAS, there are certain components (in CAS and other frameworks used) whose activation at runtime is conditional on a property value, where this property is required to have been specified in CAS configuration using kebab case. This is both true for properties that are owned by CAS as well as those that might be presented to the system via an external library or framework such as Spring Boot, etc. When possible, properties should be stored in lower-case kebab format, such as ettings and properties that are controlled by the CAS platform directly always begin with the prefix cas. All other settings are controlled and provided to CAS via other underlying frameworks and may have their own schemas and syntax. BE CAREFUL with the distinction. Unrecognized properties are rejected by CAS and/or frameworks upon which CAS depends. This means if you somehow misspell a property definition or fail to adhere to the dot-notation syntax and such, your setting is entirely refused by CAS and likely the feature it controls will never be activated in the way you intend.


    Configuration properties are automatically validated on CAS startup to report issues with configuration binding, specially if defined CAS settings cannot be recognized or validated by the configuration schema. The validation process is on by default and can be skipped on startup using a special system property SKIP_CONFIG_VALIDATION that should be set to true. Additional validation processes are also handled via Configuration Metadata and property migrations applied automatically on startup by Spring Boot and family.

    Indexed Settings

    CAS settings able to accept multiple values are typically documented with an index, such as cas.some.setting[0]=value. The index [0] is meant to be incremented by the adopter to allow for distinct multiple configuration blocks.

    Repository Cleaner

    A background cleaner process is also automatically scheduled to scan the repository periodically and remove expired device registration records based on configured parameters. In the default setting, devices expire after a fixed period since a user registered their device.

    The following settings and properties are available from the CAS configuration catalog: