CAS Vulnerability Disclosure


Overview

This is the public version of an Apereo CAS project vulnerability disclosure describing an issue in CAS where an adversary may be able to bypass certain administrative endpoints, in spite of CAS access rule in place. The following administrative endpoints are exposed and vulnerable to this attack:

  • /configserver/
  • /cas/status/metrics

Affected Deployments

The attack vector specifically applies to all deployments of CAS 5.0.x deployments. If you have deployed any version of CAS 5.0.x, you MUST take action to upgrade. If you have deployed any other versions of CAS, disregard this announcement.

Severity

This is a serious issue where successfully exercising this vulnerability allows the adversary gain insight into the running CAS software, collect stats and metrics and potentially observe the collection of configured CAS settings in configuration files.

Patching

Patch releases are available to address CAS 5.0.x deployments. Upgrades to the next patch version for each release should be a drop-in replacement. The patch simply ensures that the exposed endpoints honor the CAS access rules, and otherwise block attempts. When you have applied the patch, please double check all endpoints and ensure access is appropriately controlled.

Timeline

The issue was originally reported to the CAS application security team on February 20, 2017. Upon confirmation, CAS was patched on February 22, 2017 and released. The original release announcement is available here.

Procedure

Update Version

Modify your CAS overlay to point to version 5.0.3.1. A snippet of a pom.xml for a CAS overlay follows:

<dependencies>
    <dependency>
        <groupId>org.jasig.cas</groupId>
        <artifactId>cas-server-webapp</artifactId>
        <version>${cas.version}</version>
        <type>war</type>
        <scope>runtime</scope>
    </dependency>
</dependencies>

<properties>
    <cas.version>5.0.3.1</cas.version>
</properties>

Double check your cas.properties file for the following setting:

# cas.adminPagesSecurity.ip=the-authorized-ip-pattern

Adjust Overlay

If your CAS build has overlaid the src/main/resources/bootstrap.properties file, make sure the following line is corrected there:

spring.cloud.config.server.prefix=/status/configserver

Alternatives

If you are unable to apply the patch, it’s then best to ensure the outlined endpoints are blocked completely via load balancers, proxies, firewalls, etc.

Support

If you have questions on the details this vulnerability and how it might be reproduced, please contact security@apereo.org or cas-appsec-public@apereo.org.

Resources

Related Posts

CAS 6.1.0 RC5 Feature Release

...in which I present an overview of CAS 6.1.0 RC5 release.

Apereo CAS - Passwordless Authentication

Learn how to modify Apereo CAS to allow users to login without the need to remember a password.

Apereo CAS - Handling Authentication Webflow Errors with Grace

Learn how to modify Apereo CAS to customize exception handling and produce localized error messages for your deployment.

Apereo CAS - Are We Logged In Yet?

Learn how to modify and extend a CAS deployment to determine whether an SSO session is still valid and tied to a user authentication session.

Apereo CAS - REST API Integrations

Learn how to integrate with CAS using its REST API to authenticate, exchange tickets and get access to user profiles and attributes.

CAS 6.1.0 RC4 Feature Release

...in which I present an overview of CAS 6.1.0 RC4 release.

Apereo CAS - Multifactor Provider Selection

Learn how to configure CAS to integrate with and use multiple multifactor providers at the same time. This post also reveals a few super secret and yet open-source strategies one may use to select appropriate providers for authentication attempts, whether automatically or based on a menu.

Apereo CAS - Dockerized Hazelcast Deployments

Learn how to run CAS backed by a Hazelcast cluster in Docker containers and take advantage of the Hazelcast management center to monitor and observer cluster members.

Apereo CAS - Configuration Security w/ Jasypt

Learn how to secure CAS configuration settings and properties with Jasypt.

CAS 6.1.0 RC3 Feature Release

...in which I present an overview of CAS 6.1.0 RC3 release.